The desperation and repression prevailing in the Tindouf camps, under the control of the Polisario militias, make it a hotbed for radicalization, writes journalist and Italian expert in international relations Mauro Indelicato, in an article published by the political magazine Insideover. The Italian journalist points to the impossibility for international observers to contact the population in captivity in Tindouf for more than 40 years, the very high poverty rate, the deprivation of liberty and fundamental rights, and the growing despair prevailing there which transform these camps into a breeding ground for radicalization. The proliferation of these jihadist groups which recruit young people from the Tindouf camps “constitutes a real threat, as confirmed by the reports of international observers, not only at the local level but for the entire North African and South European zone”, underlines Indelicato. He highlights the risks posed by terrorist groups established in the Sahel, recalling the massacre committed by jihadists on March 21 and which claimed the lives of 137 people in villages in Niger at the border with Mali. “The desert region of the Sahel, which is fragile and very unstable, is constantly threatened by the growing terrorist activity of separatist groups, militias and jihadists who carry the ambition to create a true Islamic state in the region,” he points out. In this regard, he draws attention to the proliferation of criminal organizations specializing in drug trafficking, kidnappings, human trafficking, and the embezzlement of humanitarian aid in this region marked by difficult climate conditions, poverty, corruption and insecurity. Last November, a video, which had raised many concerns, showed a Polisario activist inciting the crowd, with a rhetoric similar to the one used by the jihadists, to blow themselves up against civilian targets in Morocco, he recalls. Moreover, one of the most dangerous terrorists in the Sahel region, namely Adnan Abu Walid al-Sahrawi, head of the terrorist organization of the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara, is a member of the Polisario, he says. The Italian expert also highlights Morocco’s appeal to Algeria, which hosts and finances the Polisario, to come to the negotiating table in order to find a final solution to the dispute over the Moroccan Sahara.
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African Union Algeria Algiers Antonio Guterres AU autonomy initiative autonomy plan Ban Ki –Moon Brahim Ghali Christopher Ross Consulate General Dakhla DRS EU European Union France Horst Köhler Human Rights Laayoune Mauritania MINURSO Mohamed Abdelaziz Mohammed VI Moroccan Sahara Morocco Nasser Bourita OLAF Polisario Rabat Rabouni SADR Sahara Security Council South Africa Spain Terrorism the leader the so-called brahim ghali Tindouf UN UNHCR United Nations United States USA Western Sahara