Sahara: the Overwhelming American report

The autonomy plan and the new Moroccan constitution are the concrete measures for a sustainable solution to the Western Sahara conflict, as revealed by the report of the American think tank Carnegie Endowment. The report has also called the different parties in the region to respond to the international wishes to reach a reasonable and realistic solution, recalling Javier Perez de Cuellar words “reasonable solution under which the Western Sahara would be integrated as an autonomous region in the Moroccan state would have spared many lives and a great deal of money.”
The courageous verdict of Peter Van Walsum has also been underlined in the report pointing out the Polisario political position, supported by Algeria as “an unrealistic option”.
Carnegie Endowment report has also criticized the position of the Polisario and Algeria who use the card of refugees in Tindouf to maintain the statu quo in the region, despite of the fact that the internal desertion of the Polisario leaders and “misery of the Tindouf camps would ultimately prompt Sahrawis to desert the Polisario and its corrupt rule”.

The report has also mentioned the former Polisario leader and founder who has escaped from “the authoritarianism of Polisario leader Mohamed Abdelaziz and his protectors in Algeria”, and the present Moroccan ambassador in Spain: “The Sahrawi Polisario is dead, only the Algerian Polisario remains.”
Finally, the report did not miss to accuse the Polisario of human rights violation, warning against the situation of Mustapha Salma Ould Sidi Mouloud who “publicly endorsed Morocco’s proposal to grant autonomy to Western Sahara in August 2010. That statement led to his imprisonment and then expulsion from the camps.”